Lesson On Tense Agreement – English Grammar

Of all aspects of any language grammar, the topic of the tense agreement is usually the most exciting. Why? Simply because it is at this point that a verb can be used in many timelines. Take a note of the word write and how it is used in various tenses as well as few descriptions of selected tenses:

Example Lesson On Tense Agreement

      1. present progressive – I am writing.


      2. simple present – I write.


      3. present perfect – I have written – continuously happening


      4. simple past – I wrote.


      5. past progressive – I was writing.


      6. past perfect – I had written.


      7. present perfect progressive – I have been writing.


      8. past perfect progressive – I had been writing.


      9. simple future – I will write


      10. future progressive – I will be writing.


      11. future perfect – I will have written.


      12. future perfect progressive – I will have been writing.


      13. future to go – I am going to write.


      14. present conditional – I would write.


      15. present progressive conditional – I would be writing.


      16. conditional – I would have written.


      17. conditional perfect continuous – I would have been writing.


      18. present does – I do listen.


      19. the past do – I did listen.


      20. present passive – …is written by me.


      21. present progressive passive – …is being written by me.


      22. past progressive passive – …was being written by me.


      23. past perfect passive – …had been written by me


      24. future – …will be written by me.


      25. subjunctive – Were I writing


      26. imperative – Let me do the writing.


      27. conditional – I could do the writing.


              28. interrogative – Are you writing?

Another overlooked dimension in the English language is the use of I and me. I must always be used if the word is intended to be the subject of the sentence. A is always used preceding a consonant noun, and a will be used preceding a vowel noun except in cases where nouns start in unsounded h like honorable and honest. An is also used in vowel nouns that start with u but sound like y as in union or o but sound like w like one. Articles are omitted for names of languages and nationalities like English, names of sports like hockey and names of academic fields like geology.

Regarding the use of capital letters, they are utilized not just to emphasize proper nouns but for other purposes as well. Among its various uses are family relationships (Aunt Dinah), periods (The Crusades, Ice Age) and religious figures (Buddha). On the other hand, capitalization is not followed when names precede titles (Arnold Schwarzenegger, governor of California).

The following are pairs of words in English that sound the same but have very different meanings:

      1. accept – except


      2. adverse – averse


      3. affect – effect


      4. all ready – already


      5. all together – altogether


      6. allot – a lot


      7. allusion – illusion


      8. altar – alter


      9. amoral – immoral


      10. appraise – apprise


      11. our – hour – are


      12. brake – break


      13. by – buy – bye


      14. canvas – canvass


      15. capital – capitol


      16. cite – site


      17. coarse – course


      18. council – counsel


      19. decent – descent – dissent


              20. defuse – diffuse